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What Should a Two-Year-Old Be Learning?

What Should a Two-Year-Old Be Learning?

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Inside: What Should a Two-Year-Old Be Learning? Collaborative post.

As your children approach the terrific twos, they’ll get more curious by the day. Whether through play or regular social interaction, they’ll absorb information like sponges.

Your child’s everyday life provides numerous opportunities for learning. However, that doesn’t mean there aren’t tasks you can’t start teaching them or concepts you can’t help them understand. You’ll find that even when reading the best learning books for toddlers, your youngsters won’t always take things at face value. They’ll have questions—and lots of them.

So, it begs the question: what should your toddler be learning?

Things To Teach Your Two-Year-Old

Missing a few milestones at two years old typically isn’t a cause for concern. While you can’t completely rule out a learning disability, the chances of that happening are pretty slim. Thus, don’t worry too much even when your child doesn’t understand some concepts or performs activities as expected of a child their age.

Here are some learning activities your little one can learn from two to three years old:

1. Using New Words

The perfect time to introduce new words to your little one’s vocabulary is at two years old. Sure, with their resourcefulness, these little tikes are bound to learn a thing or two on their own. Though, it helps when mom and dad give them a learning boost.

When introducing new words and terms to a toddler’s lexicon, keep things as simple and straightforward as possible. Limit phrases and sentences to two or three words and ensure questions can be answered directly. The last thing you want to do at this stage is confuse your little ones with complex inquiries with non-black-and-white answers.

By the time your children turn three, they should possess a considerable vocabulary. Help your kids form phrases and sentences with words they already know by heart.

Again, keep things simple. Once your little one gets the hang of it, that’s when you can try to help them learn new words and form longer phrases.

2. Reading Books

At two years old, “reading” doesn’t mean actually reading the words—at least, not for your child. If there is a reading part, it’s done by either the parent or the guardian. All the toddler needs to do is help hold the book up and look at the pictures.

Reading helps kids find a connection between pictures and drawings and the objects in their surroundings. They’ll know a book is a book, or television is a television and not radio because of how these items are depicted in a book. Your words also factor into the equation because through your reading, a child can know the actual name of an object.

Also, make sure your child knows how to hold a book up correctly. Pictures might be all that do it for them at this age, but they still need to look at these images the right-side-up. As your little ones approach three, the words on a page will start to hold meaning for them.

That’s why it’s essential to not just read to your toddlers aloud; you should also accompany your reading with gestures. Point at the words and letters as you utter them so your child gets a better understanding of what you’re saying. 

3. Promoting Independence

Any parent would admit that it’s difficult to strike a balance between keeping your child safe and promoting independence. Truth be told, no one can really teach you these things, as it’s a matter of learning as you go and “crossing that bridge when you get there.” Though despite the countless opportunities for learning and understanding that await your child, you must set limits.

Independence, in general, but let alone childhood independence, can be a tough pill to swallow for most parents. But such is life that only experience ensures you don’t make the same mistake twice. For your little ones to learn, they have to do it by themselves.

The best thing you can do is supervise and ensure they don’t hurt themselves. In particular, you should help your child acquire independence in the following areas:

  • Dressing
  • Cleaning up after themselves
  • Fixing their hair and brushing their teeth
  • Eating properly
  • Transitions like going up and down the stairs

Some activities might seem like a scary prospect to have to guide your child through. However, you shouldn’t have to worry because you won’t be far behind. You’ll be there to not only model these tasks correctly but also to lend a helping hand and to pick your children up when they stumble.

These Are Not Must-Know Tasks and Concepts

These milestones are typically met somewhere between the two-year-old to the four-year-old timeline. So, don’t stress too much if your child doesn’t adequately perform or understand all these things at 24 months.

Your children could simply be developing on their own calendar, and that’s perfectly okay. Though, if you can’t ignore your concern, don’t hesitate to get in touch with your paediatrician or speech language pathologist.

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